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Today in History

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Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Tue Apr 26, 2016 6:07 pm

April 26

757 Stephen II ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
1478 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo and kill Giuliano de’ Medici.
1514 Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn.
1564 William Shakespeare is baptized.
1607 The British establish a colony at Cape Henry, Virginia.
1865 Joseph E. Johnston surrenders the Army of Tennessee to General William T. Sherman.
1915 Second Lieutenant William Rhodes-Moorhouse becomes the first airman to win the Victoria Cross after conducting a successful bombing raid.
1929 The first non-stop flight from England to India is completed.
1931 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits a home run but is called out for passing a runner, the mistake ultimately costs him the home run record.
1937 The ancient Basque town of Guernica in northern Spain is bombed by German planes.
1941 The first organ is played at a baseball stadium in Chicago.
1968 Students seize the administration building at Ohio State University.
1983 The Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks 1,200 for first time.
1986 The world’s worst nuclear disaster occurs at the Chernobyl power plant in the Soviet Union.
1994 Nelson Mandela wins the presidency in South Africa’s first multiracial elections.

Born on April 26

1718 Esek Hopkins, first commodore of the United States Navy.
1785 John James Audubon, artist and naturalist.
1812 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant.
1822 Frederick Law Olmsted, landscape architect, designed New York’s central park.
1875 Syngman Rhee, South Korean statesman.
1893 Anita Loos, novelist and screenwriter (Gentleman Prefer Blondes).
1894 Rudolf Hess, Nazi leader.
1900 Charles Richter, physicist and seismologist.
1914 Bernard Malamud, novelist and short story writer (The Natural).


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Wed Apr 27, 2016 1:58 pm

April 27

1296 Edward I defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.
1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates the Italian state of Venice.
1565 The first Spanish settlement in Philippines is established in Cebu City.
1773 British Parliament passes the Tea Act.
1746 King George II wins the Battle of Culloden.
1813 American forces capture York (present-day Toronto), the seat of government in Ontario.
1861 President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus.
1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from the Union.
1863 The Army of the Potomac begins marching on Chancellorsville.
1865 The Sultana, a steam-powered riverboat, catches fire and burns after one of its boilers explodes. At least 1,238 of the 2,031 passengers–mostly former Union POWs–are killed.
1909 The Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Hamid II, is overthrown.
1937 German bombers of the Condor Legion devastate Guernica, Spain.
1941 The Greek army capitulates to the invading Germans.
1950 South Africa passes the Group Areas Act, formally segregating races.
1961 The United Kingdom grants Sierra Leone independence.
1975 Saigon is encircled by North Vietnamese troops.
1978 The Afghanistan revolution begins.
1989 Protesting students take over Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
2016 Bayern beats Atleti

Born on April 27

1737 Edward Gibbon, historian (The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire).
1791 Samuel F.B. Morse, inventor of the telegraph and the code.
1822 Ulysses S. Grant, Union general during the American Civil War, 18th President of the United States (1869-1877).
1840 Edward Whymper, the first man to climb the Matterhorn.
1900 Walter Lantz, cartoonist, creator of Woody Woodpecker.
1904 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet, father of actor Daniel Day-Lewis.
1927 Coretta Scott King, civil rights activist, wife of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.


Re: Today in History

Postby FCB general » Wed Apr 27, 2016 3:12 pm

JANCKER wrote:1937 German bombers of the Condor Legion devastate Guernica, Spain.
1941 The Greek army capitulates to the invading Germans.
1950 South Africa passes the Group Areas Act, formally segregating races.
1961 The United Kingdom grants Sierra Leone independence.
1975 Saigon is encircled by North Vietnamese troops.
1978 The Afghanistan revolution begins.
1989 Protesting students take over Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
2016 Bayern beats Atleti

I don't know why, but it reminds me on this :D

Spoiler: show
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Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Thu Apr 28, 2016 3:10 am

April 28

357 Constantius II visits Rome for the first time.
1282 Villagers in Palermo lead a revolt against French rule in Sicily.
1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey is accused of treason and removed from office.
1760 French forces besieging Quebec defeat the British in the second Battle on the Plains of Abraham.
1788 Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the constitution.
1789 The crew of the HMS Bounty mutinies against Captain William Bligh.
1818 President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain.
1856 Yokut Indians repel an attack on their land by 100 would-be Indian fighters in California.
1902 Revolution breaks out in the Dominican Republic.
1910 The first night air flight is performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
1916 British declare martial law throughout Ireland.
1919 Les Irvin makes the first jump with an Army Air Corps parachute.
1920 Azerbaijan joins the Soviet Union.
1930 The first organized night baseball game is played in Independence, Kansas.
1932 A yellow fever vaccine for humans is announced.
1945 Benito Mussolini is killed by Italian partisans.
1946 The Allies indict Tojo on 55 counts of war crimes
1947 Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl and five others set out in a balsa wood craft known as Kon Tiki to prove that Peruvian Indians could have settled in Polynesia.
1953 French troops evacuate northern Laos.
1965 The U.S. Army and Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into the U.S. Army and is stripped of his boxing title.
1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France.

Born on April 28

1442 Edward IV, king of England (1461-1470, 1471-1483), first king of the House of York.
1758 James Monroe, fifth President of the United States (1817-1825).
1878 Lionel Barrymore, American stage, screen and radio actor.
1892 John Jacob Niles, American folk singer and folklorist.
1898 William Soutar, Scottish poet.
1902 Johan Borgen, Norwegian novelist.
1912 Odette Hallowes, British secret agent.
1926 Harper Lee, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (To Kill a Mockingbird).
1930 James Baker III, Cabinet secretary for Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush.
1936 Kenneth White, poet and essayist.
1937 Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq.
1937 Jean Redpath, Scottish folk singer.


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Fri Apr 29, 2016 12:57 am

April 29

1289 Qalawun, the Sultan of Egypt, captures Tripoli.
1429 Joan of Arc leads French forces to victory over English at Orleans.
1624 Louis XIII appoints Cardinal Richelieu chief minister of the Royal Council of France.
1661 The Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan.
1672 King Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
1813 Rubber is patented.
1852 The first edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus is published.
1856 Yokut Indians repel a second attack by the ‘Petticoat Rangers,’ a band of civilian Indian fighters at Four Creeks, California.
1858 Austrian troops invade Piedmont.
1859 As the French army races to support them and the Austrian army mobilizes to oppose them, 150,000 Piedmontese troops invade Piedmontese territory.
1861 The Maryland House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union.
1862 Forts Philip and Jackson surrender to Admiral David Farragut outside New Orleans.
1913 Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents the all-purpose zipper.
1916 Irish nationalists surrender to the British in Dublin.
1918 America’s WWI Ace of Aces, Eddie Rickenbacker, scores his first victory with the help of Captain James Norman Hall.
1924 Open revolt breaks out in Santa Clara, Cuba.
1927 Construction of the Spirit of St. Louis is completed.
1930 The film All Quiet on the Western Front, based on Erich Maria Remarque’s novel Im Western Nichts Neues, premiers.
1945 The German Army in Italy surrenders unconditionally to the Allies.
1945 The Nazi concentration camp of Dachau is liberated by Allied troops.
1946 Former Japanese leaders are indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.
1975 The U.S. embassy in Vietnam is evacuated as North Vietnamese forces fight their way into Saigon.
1983 Harold Washington is sworn in as Chicago’s first black mayor.
1992 Four Los Angeles police offices are acquitted of charges stemming from the beating of Rodney King. Rioting ensues.

Born on April 29

1745 Oliver Ellsworth, third Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1818 Alexander II, Czar of Russia.
1863 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher.
1877 Tad Dorgan, cartoonist and columnist.
1879 Sir Thomas Beecham, founder of the London Philharmonic.
1899 Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington, renowned jazz composer and musician.
1901 Hirohito, emperor of Japan during and after World War II.


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Fri Apr 29, 2016 12:57 pm

Today 10 years ago - Pizarro makes it 1: 0 and Kahn & Co. win the DFB Cup final in Berlin 2006.


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Sat Apr 30, 2016 1:42 am

April 30

313 Licinius unifies the whole of the eastern Roman Empire under his own rule.
1250 King Louis IX of France is ransomed.
1527 Henry VIII of England and King Francis of France sign the Treaty of Westminster.
1563 All Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI.
1725 Spain withdraws from the Quadruple Alliance.
1789 George Washington is inaugurated as the first U.S. president.
1803 The United States doubles in size through the Louisiana Purchase, which was sold by France for $15 million.
1812 Louisiana is admitted into the Union as a state.
1849 Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulses a French attack on Rome.
1864 Work begins on the Dams along the Red River, which will allow Union General Nathaniel Banks‘ troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
1930 The Soviet Union proposes a military alliance with France and Great Britain.
1931 The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opens.
1943 The British submarine HMS Seraph drops ‘the man who never was,’ a dead man the British planted with false invasion plans, into the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain.
1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker. Karl Donitz becomes his successor.
1968 U.S. Marines attack a division of North Vietnamese troops in the village of Dai Do.
1970 U.S. troops invade Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas.
1972 The North Vietnamese launch an invasion of the South.
1973 President Richard Nixon announces the resignation of Harry Robbins Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and other top aides.
1975 North Vietnamese troops enter the Independence Palace of South Vietnam in Saigon ending the Vietnam War.
1980 Terrorists seize the Iranian Embassy in London.

Born on April 30

1777 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician.
1858 Mary Scott Lord Dimmick, First Lady to President Benjamin Harrison .
1870 Franz Lehár, Hungarian composer (The Merry Widow, The Land of Smiles).
1909 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands.
1912 Eve Arden (Eunice Quedens), actress.
1933 Willie Nelson, country singer.
1945 Annie Dillard, writer (Pilgrim at Tinker Creek).
1954 Jane Campion, New Zealand film director (The Piano, A Portrait of a Lady).


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Sun May 01, 2016 2:11 pm

May 1

408 Theodosius II succeeds to the throne of Constantinople.
1308 King Albert is murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.
1486 Christopher Columbus convinces Queen Isabella to fund expedition to the West Indies.
1805 The state of Virginia passes a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.
1863 The Battle of Chancellorsville begins as Union Gen. Joe Hooker starts his three-pronged attack against Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
1867 Reconstruction in the South begins with black voter registration.
1877 President Rutherford B. Hayes withdraws all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
1898 The U.S. Navy under Commodore George Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
1915 The luxury liner Lusitania leaves New York Harbor for a voyage to Europe.
1927 Adolf Hitler holds his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931 The Empire State Building opens in New York.
1934 The Philippine legislature accepts a U.S. proposal for independence.
1937 President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
1941 The film Citizen Kane–directed and starring Orson Welles–opens in New York.
1944 The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, makes its first flight.
1945 Martin Bormann, private secretary to Adolf Hitler, escapes the Fuehrerbunker as the Red Army advances on Berlin.
1948 North Korea is established.
1950 Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.
1960 Francis Gary Powers’ U-2 spy plane is shot down over Russia.
1961 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba.
1968 In the second day of battle, U.S. Marines, with the support of naval fire, continue their attack on a North Vietnamese Division at Dai Do.
1970 Students from Kent State University riot in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.
1986 The Tass News Agency reports the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.
2011 Osama Bin Laden is killed in Abbottabad Pakistan by US Navy SEALS in Operation Neptune Spear.

Born on May 1

1493 Philippus Paracelsus, physician and alchemist.
1764 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the U.S. Capitol.
1769 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington.
1830 Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, reformer and labor organizer.
1839 Louis-Marie-Hilaire Bernigaud, French chemist, inventor of rayon.
1878 James Graham, inventor of the first naval aircraft-carrying ship and first man to film a total eclipse of the Sun.
1896 Mark Clark, American general during World War II.
1909 Kate Smith, singer.
1916 Glenn Ford, actor (The Blackboard Jungle).
1923 Joseph Heller, American author (Catch 22).
1924 Terry Southern, novelist and screenwriter (Dr. Strangelove, Easy Rider).
1940 Bobbie Ann Mason, American writer (Shiloh and Other Stories, In Country).


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Mon May 02, 2016 4:15 am

May 2

1670 The Hudson Bay Company is founded.
1598 Henry IV signs Treaty of Vervins, ending Spain’s interference in France.
1668 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of Devolution in France.
1776 France and Spain agree to donate arms to American rebels fighting the British.
1797 A mutiny in the British navy spreads from Spithead to the rest of the fleet.
1798 The black General Toussaint Louverture forces British troops to agree to evacuate the port of Santo Domingo.
1808 The citizens of Madrid rise up against Napoleon.
1813 Napoleon defeats a Russian and Prussian army at Grossgorschen.
1863 Stonewall Jackson smashes Joseph Hooker’s flank at Chancellorsville, Virginia.
1865 President Andrew Johnson offers a $100,000 reward for the capture of the Confederate President
1885 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo Free State.
1890 The Territory of Oklahoma is created.
1919 The first U.S. air passenger service starts.
1923 Lieutenants Oakley Kelly and John Macready take off from New York for the West Coast on what will become the first successful nonstop transcontinental flight.
1941 Hostilities break out between British forces in Iraq and that country’s pro-German faction.
1942 Admiral Chester J. Nimitz, convinced that the Japanese will attack Midway Island, visits the island to review its readiness.
1945 Russian forces take Berlin after 12 days of fierce house-to-house fighting.
1946 Prisoners revolt at California’s Alcatraz prison.
1968 The U.S. Army attacks Nhi Ha in South Vietnam and begins a fourteen-day battle to wrestle it away from Vietnamese Communists.
1970 Student anti-war protesters at Ohio’s Kent State University burn down the campus ROTC building. The National Guard takes control of campus.

Born on May 2

1729 Catherine II, Czarina of Russia.
1837 Henry Martyn Robert, parliamentarian (Robert’s Rules of Order).
1860 William Maddock Bayliss, British physiologist, co-discoverer of hormones.
1866 Jesse Lazear, American physician and researcher of yellow fever.
1877 Vernon Castle, ballroom dancer.
1892 Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron), German fighter ace of World War I.
1895 Lorenz Milton Hart, lyricist, collaborator with Richard Rodgers.
1903 Benjamin Spock, pediatrician, author and activist.
1921 Satyajit Ray, Indian film director (Aparajito, The World of Apu).


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Thu May 05, 2016 1:56 pm



Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Thu May 05, 2016 1:57 pm

May 3

495 Pope Gelasius asserts that his authority is superior to Emperor Anastasius.
1568 French forces in Florida slaughter hundreds of Spanish.
1855 Macon B. Allen becomes the first African American to be admitted to the Bar in Massachusetts.
1859 France declares war on Austria.
1863 The Battle of Chancellorsville rages for a second day.
1865 President Abraham Lincoln‘s funeral train arrives in Springfield, Illinois.
1926 U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua.
1952 The first airplane lands at the geographic North Pole.
1968 After three days of battle, the U.S. Marines retake Dai Do complex in Vietnam, only to find the North Vietnamese have evacuated the area.
1971 James Earl Ray, Martin Luther King Jr.‘s assassin, is caught in a jail break attempt.
1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman prime minister of Great Britain.
1982 A British submarine sinks Argentina’s only cruiser during the Falkland Islands War.

Born on May 3

1469 Niccolo Machiavelli, political advisor and writer (The Prince).
1849 Jacob Riis, American reformer (How the Other Half Lives).
1898 Golda Meir, Fourth Prime Minister of Israel (1969-1974).
1903 Bing [Harry Lillis] Crosby, singer and actor. Various dates given for his birth date.
1912 May Sarton, poet and writer.
1913 William Inge, American playwright (Picnic, Bus Stop).
1919 Betty Comden, lyricist.
1919 Pete Seeger, folksinger and songwriter.
1920 John Lewis, jazz pianist.
1920 Walker Smith, Jr. (Sugar Ray Robinson), champion middleweight boxer.
1933 James Brown, American singer and songwriter.


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Thu May 05, 2016 1:58 pm

May 4

1471 In England, the Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
1626 American Indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth and buttons.
1715 A French manufacturer debuts the first folding umbrella.
1776 Rhode Island declares independence from England.
1795 Thousands of rioters enter jails in Lyons, France, and massacre 99 Jacobin prisoners.
1814 Napoleon Bonaparte disembarks at Portoferraio on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.
1863 The Battle of Chancellorsville ends when Union Army retreats.
1864 Union General Ulysses S. Grant‘s forces cross the Rapidan River and meet Robert E. Lee‘s Confederate army.
1927 A balloon soars over 40,000 feet for the first time.
1930 Mahatma Gandhi is arrested by the British.
1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea commences.
1942 The United States begins food rationing.
1961 13 civil rights activists, dubbed Freedom Riders, begin a bus trip through the South.
1970 Ohio National Guardsmen open fire on student protesters at Kent State University, killing four and wounding nine others.

Born on May 4

1796 Horace Mann, educator and author.
1820 Joseph Whitaker, bookseller and publisher (Whitaker’s Almanac)
1825 Thomas Henry Huxley, British biologist.
1827 John Hanning Speke, English explorer.
1874 Frank Conrad, electrical engineer and broadcasting pioneer.
1884 Agnes Fay Morgan, American nutritionist and biochemist.
1928 Thomas Kinsella, Irish poet.
1929 Audrey Hepburn (Edda van Heemstra Hepburn-Ruston), actress, later U.N. special ambassador.
1939 Amos Oz, Israeli novelist (The Black Box, TheThird State).
1949 Graham Swift, British novelist (The Sweet Shop Owner, Out of this World).


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Thu May 05, 2016 1:58 pm

May 5

1494 Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica, which he names Santa Gloria.
1814 British attack the American forces at Ft. Ontario, Oswego, New York.
1821 Napoleon Bonaparte dies in exile on the island of St. Helena.
1834 The first mainland railway line opens in Belgium.
1862 Union and Confederate forces clash at the Battle of Williamsburg, part of the Peninsular Campaign.
1862 Mexican forces loyal to Benito Juarez defeat troops sent by Napoleon III in the Battle of Puebla.
1886 A bomb explodes on the fourth day of a workers’ strike in Chicago.
1912 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing.
1916 U.S. Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1917 Eugene Jacques Bullard becomes the first African-American aviator when he earns a flying certificate with the French Air Service.
1920 Anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested for murder.
1935 American Jesse Owens sets the long jump record.
1942 General Joseph Stilwell learns that the Japanese have cut his railway out of China and is forced to lead his troops into India.
1945 Holland and Denmark are liberated from Nazi control.
1961 Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space.
1965 173rd Airborne Brigade arrives in Bien Hoa-Vung, Vietnam, the first regular U.S. Army unit deployed to that country.
1968 U.S. Air Force planes hit Nhi Ha, South Vietnam in support of attacking infantrymen.
1969 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Norman Mailer for his ‘nonfiction novel’ Armies of the Night, an account of the 1967 anti-Vietnam War march on the Pentagon.
1987 Congress opens Iran-Contra hearings.
2000 The Sun, Earth, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn align – Earth’s moon is also almost in this alignment – leading to Doomsday predictions of massive natural disasters, although such a ‘grand confluence’ occurs about once in every century.

Born on May 5

1813 Soren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher.
1818 Karl Marx, German philosopher (The Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital).
1830 John B. Stetson, American hat maker.
1861 Peter Cooper Hewitt, electrical engineer, inventor of the mercury-vapor lamp.
1883 Charles Albert “Chief” Bender, baseball player.
1890 Christopher Morley, writer (Kitty Foyle).
1899 Freeman F. Gosden, radio comedy writer and performer (Amos ‘n’ Andy).
1909 Carlos Baker, biographer.
1943 Michael Palin, actor and screenwriter (Monty Python’s Flying Circus).


Re: Today in History

Postby JANCKER » Tue May 10, 2016 3:44 pm



Re: Today in History

Postby prasun77 » Tue May 10, 2016 4:12 pm


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